Good Morning you amazing and wonderful people, are you all doing OK? Hopefully the answer is yes 🤞Well I saw the Physiotherapist yesterday, but unfortunately it was for only 5 minutes (should have been 20 minutes), as even though we left the house early, we got stuck in traffic trying to get to the Doctors on time so I was a few minutes late which the Physiotherapist wasn’t happy about, but he’s putting a request in to the Doctor to have my wrist X-rayed as I could barely do the exercises he wanted me to do, so now its just a waiting game to see if the Doctor agrees, but since trying to do the exercises, I’m suffering even more now with my wrist.
Enough of my rambling, let’s get on with today’s post… In 2006, HistoricBridges.org unofficially declared November Historic Bridge Awareness Month to reflect on the loss of historic bridges and to encourage the preservation of historic bridges. From moving bridges to stone bridges, and new bridges to historic bridges, I thought I would share with you 30 of the most impressive bridges and where you can locate them if you wanted to see them in person!
A bridge is a structure built to span a physical obstacle (such as a body of water, valley, road, or rail) without blocking the way underneath. It is constructed for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle, which is usually something that is otherwise difficult or impossible to cross. There are many different designs of bridges, each serving a particular purpose and applicable to different situations. Designs of bridges vary depending on factors such as the function of the bridge, the nature of the terrain where the bridge is constructed and anchored, and the material used to make it, and the funds available to build it. So let’s take a look at some of the bridges that are still in the world today…
Nanpu Bridge – Shanghai, China
The Nanpu Bridge features an impressive seven-lane, 2,500-foot cable-stay component over the Huangpu River. But honestly, it’s the four miles of the bridge that don’t cross the river that offer the most intrigue. A circular elevated approach stretches from land and wraps up, bringing vehicles to the height of the crossing in the midst of the heavily congested downtown Shanghai.
Brooklyn Bridge – New York City
It may have taken 14 years to build, but when the Brooklyn Bridge opened in 1883 to connect Manhattan and Brooklyn, the single span of 1,595 feet suspended by four cables was a sight to behold. It still is. Designed by John A. Roebling and with the construction led by his son Washington Roebling and Washingtons’ wife, Emily, the project stands as an enduring symbol for bridge construction the world over. It may have been the 1884 P.T. Barnum spectacle of leading a herd of 21 elephants across the bridge that originally cemented the bridge’s popularity. But today, from the 15.5-inch diameter cables comprised of 5,434 parallel steel wires, to the towers built of limestone, granite, and cement, everything about the Brooklyn Bridge is iconic.
Sydney Harbour Bridge – Sydney, Australia
Opened in 1932 after eight years of construction, the steel bridge features six million hand-driven rivets. The extreme sun in Sydney required hinges that could handle the steel expanding and contracting in extreme temperatures. At 160 feet wide, the bridge was the widest long-span bridge in the world until 2012 and crosses over 3,700 feet with the steel arch 440 feet above the water.
Helix Bridge – Downtown Core, Singapore
The Helix Bridge, officially The Helix, and previously known as the Double Helix Bridge, is a pedestrian bridge linking Marina Centre with Marina South in the Marina Bay area in Singapore. The 280 m bridge is made up of three 65 m spans and two 45 m end spans. If the steel were stretched out straight from end to end, it would measure 2.25 km in length. The major and minor helices, which spiral in opposite directions, have an overall diameter of 10.8 m and 9.4 m respectively, about 3 stories high. It is located beside the Benjamin Sheares Bridge and is accompanied by a vehicular bridge, known as the Bayfront Bridge. The construction began in 2007. It was partially opened on 24 April 2010 at 9:00pm and fully opened on 18 July 2010.
Gateshead Millennium Bridge – Gateshead, Newcastle Upon Tyne
Opened in 2002, this pedestrian bridge makes its mark by tilting. The curved structure spans the Tyne River and tilts to lower and raise in order to allow boat traffic past the bridge. Deemed the “Winking Eye Bridge” due to its shape, the 413-foot-long span was lowered in place in one piece by one of the world’s largest floating cranes.
Millau Viaduct – Millau, France
At 1,125 feet, the tallest bridge in the world opened in 2004 and can, at times, soar above the clouds. At over 8,000 feet long, Millau Viaduct spans the Tarn River Valley with seven pillars designed by Lord Norman Foster. To build the bridge in just three years, crews built the towers and then the roadway, which was slid into place atop the towers.
Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge – Kobe, Japan
The longest suspension bridge in the world measures 12,800 feet across. It opened in 1998 after 12 years of construction. The three-span bridge crosses the Akashi Strait with 190,000 miles of wire cabling the roadways from the two towers. Bridge design had to account for earthquakes, high winds, and harsh sea currents crashing against the towers.
Golden Bridge – Ba Na Hills Resort (Near Da Nang), Vietnam
The Golden Bridge is a 150-meter-long (490 ft) pedestrian bridge in the Bà Nà Hills resort, near Da Nang, Vietnam. It is designed to connect the cable car station with the gardens (avoiding a steep incline) and to provide a scenic overlook and tourist attraction. The bridge loops nearly back around to itself, and has two giant hands, constructed of fiberglass and wire mesh, designed to appear like stone hands that support the structure. Construction began in July 2017 and was completed in April 2018. The bridge opened in June 2018.
Szechenyi Chain Bridge – Budapest, Hungary
English engineer William Tierney Clark gave Budapest something to boast about when the Szechenyi Chain Bridge opened across the Danube in 1849. The suspension bridge impressed with cast iron and stone, one of the longest when it opened. While it suffered near-total destruction at the hands of the German army in 1945, the towers of the bridge remained, allowing for reconstruction in 1949.
Si O Se Pol Bridge – Isfahan, Iran
Si-o-se-pol was built between 1599 and 1602, to serve as both a bridge and a dam. The bridge has a total length of 297.76 meters (976.9 ft) and a total width of 14.75 meters (48.4 ft). It is a vaulted arch bridge consisting of two superimposed rows of 33 arches, from whence its popular name of Si-o-se-pol comes, and is made of stone. The longest span is about 5.60 meters (18.4 ft). It was constructed under the supervision of Allahverdi Khan Undiladze, the commander-in-chief of the armies, who was of Georgian origin and was also named after him.
Madgeburg Water Bridge – Magdeburg, Germany
The water bridge that crosses the Elbe River to connect the Elbe-Havel Canal to the Mittellandkanal becomes the longest navigable aqueduct in the world, at more than 3,000 feet long. Previously, connecting the two canals required a 7.4-mile detour and boat lift into the river. But in 2003, the new concrete water bridge near Berlin changed all that and gave ships a water-filled crossing.
Ponte Vecchio – Florence, Italy
The Ponte Vecchio (“Old Bridge”), is a medieval stone closed-spandrel segmental arch bridge over the Arno River, in Florence, Italy. Rebuilt after a flood in 1345, a 1565 upgrade added a second story to the stone segmental arch bridge spanning the Arno River. It was in the second story that workshops and houses filled the extra space, stretching sometimes wider than the original bridge. It is noted for the shops built along with it, as was once common. Butchers, tanners, and farmers initially occupied the shops; the present tenants are jewelers, art dealers, and souvenir sellers.
Tsing Ma Bridge – Hong Kong, China
Tsing Ma Bridge is the world’s 14th-longest span suspension bridge and was the second-longest at the time of completion. The bridge was named after the two islands it connects, namely Tsing Yi and Ma Wan. It has two decks and carries both road and rail traffic, which also makes it the largest suspension bridge of this type. The bridge has a main span of 1,377 meters (4,518 ft) and a height of 206 meters (676 ft). The span is the longest of all bridges in the world carrying rail traffic. The 41-metre-wide (135 ft) bridge deck carries six lanes of automobile traffic, with three lanes in each direction. The lower level contains two rail tracks and two sheltered carriageways used for maintenance access and traffic lanes when particularly severe typhoons strike Hong Kong and the bridge deck is closed to traffic.
Golden Gate Bridge – San Francisco, California
The four-year project to span the Golden Gate strait and connect San Francisco to Marin County culminated in what was the world’s longest (4,200 feet) and tallest suspension bridge when this Bay Area landmark opened in 1937. The Golden Gate would keep those records until the 1960s. The Joseph Strauss Art Deco suspension bridge design is famous today in large part because of something a bit out of the norm in the bridge world: color. Golden Gate was painted “International Orange” partly to match the warm coastal surroundings and also to stand out against the horizon for boaters.
Russky Bridge – Russky Island, Russia
Completed in 2012, the 1,053-foot-tall structure became the world’s longest cable-stayed bridge at more than 10,000 feet long, and it has the second-highest pylons (following the Millau Viaduct) in the world. Just don’t plan on ever needing to cross the Russky Bridge in your lifetime—it’s located in a rural area of southeastern Russia near North Korea, China, and Japan.
Octavio Frias de Oliveira Bridge – Sao Paulo, Brazil
The Octavio Frias de Oliveira bridge is a cable-stayed bridge in São Paulo, Brazil over the Pinheiros River, opened in May 2008. The bridge is 138 meters (453 ft) tall and connects Marginal Pinheiros to Jornalista Roberto Marinho Avenue in the south area of the city. The bridge deck is unusual due to its form, which is similar to an “X”, crossing at the tower. The “X” is 76 meters wide at its base and 35.4 meters wide at the top. It is the only bridge in the world that has two curved tracks supported by a single concrete mast. The two curved tracks, one at an elevation of 12 meters and the other at an elevation of 24 meters, have approximate lengths of 900 meters each.
Øresund Bridge – Copenhagen, Denmark, and Malmö, Sweden
The Öresund or Øresund Bridge is a combined railway and motorway bridge across the Øresund strait between Denmark and Sweden. It is the longest combined road and rail bridge in Europe, running nearly 8 kilometers (5 miles) from the Swedish coast to the artificial island Peberholm in the middle of the strait. The crossing is completed by the 4-kilometer (2.5 mi) Drogden Tunnel from Peberholm to the Danish island of Amager. At 7,845 m (4.875 mi), the bridge covers half the distance between Sweden and the Danish island of Amager, the border between the two countries being 5.3 km (3.3 mi) from the Swedish end. The structure has a mass of 82,000 tonnes and supports two railway tracks beneath four road lanes in a horizontal girder extending along the entire length of the bridge.
Capilano Cliffwalk – North Vancouver, British Columbia
Next door to the historic Capilano Suspension Bridge, the Cliffwalk opened in 2011 with 700 feet of the bridge hanging off a cliff about 230 feet above a canyon. The bridge can handle 100,000 pounds of weight while anchored to the cliff’s walls. To make the natural Capilano River canyon even more impressive, sections of the Cliffwalk feature glass-bottom walkways.
Jiaozhou Bay Bridge – Qingdao, China
The Jiaozhou Bay Bridge is a 26.7 km (16.6 mi) long roadway bridge in eastern China’s Shandong province, which is part of the 41.58 km (25.84 mi) Jiaozhou Bay Connection Project. The longest continuous segment of the bridge is 25.9 km (16.1 mi), making it one of the longest bridges in the world. Opened in 2011, the Jiaozhou Bay Bridge in China still holds the record as the longest bridge over water at roughly 26 miles in total length. The combination self-anchored suspension bridge and cable-stayed bridge includes a T design, as one section of the bride that connects Qingdao and Huangdao breaks off to Huangdao Island. With steel and concrete designed to handle ship collisions, earthquakes, and other weather-related catastrophes, the bridge includes over 5,000 concrete piles.
Rialto Bridge – Venice, Italy
The Rialto Bridge is the oldest of the four bridges spanning the Grand Canal in Venice, Italy. Connecting the sestieri (districts) of San Marco and San Polo, it has been rebuilt several times since its first construction as a pontoon bridge in 1173, and is now a significant tourist attraction in the city. This 15th-century structure by Antonio da Ponte defied the critics of the time and topped some steeped competition—even Michelangelo offered a design for the planned crossing. The peaked Venetian architecture allows for ship passage underneath. The design, which took three years to build, was created 24 feet high and 75 feet wide to allow space for shops along the sides.
Pont Jacques Chaban-Delmas – Bordeaux, France
The Pont Jacques Chaban-Delmas is a vertical-lift bridge over the Garonne in Bordeaux, France. It was inaugurated on 16 March 2013 by President François Hollande and Alain Juppé, mayor of Bordeaux. Its main span is 110 m (361 ft) long. As of 2013, it is the longest vertical-lift bridge in Europe. It is named in honour of Jacques Chaban-Delmas, a former Prime Minister of France and a former mayor of Bordeaux.
Royal Gorge Bridge – Canon City, Colorado
The highest bridge in the Western Hemisphere, the Royal Gorge Bridge takes visitors 955 feet above the Arkansas River. The suspension bridge spans 880 feet between the towers with a total length of 1,260 feet. Opened in 1929, 1,292 wooden planks make up the largely pedestrian tourist attraction—passenger vehicles were permitted across the bridge at various times—to match attractions in the area that includes parachuting, a gondola, zip-lining near the bridge and even a Skycoaster to swing riders over the edge of the gorge.
Charles Bridge – Prague, Czech Republic
Charles Bridge is a medieval stone arch bridge that crosses the Vltava (Moldau) river in Prague, Czech Republic. Its construction started in 1357 under the auspices of King Charles IV, and finished in the early 15th century. The bridge replaced the old Judith Bridge built 1158–1172 that had been badly damaged by a flood in 1342. This new bridge was originally called Stone Bridge or Prague Bridge, but has been referred to as “Charles Bridge” since 1870. A UNESCO World Heritage site, the bridge is 516 metres (1,693 ft) long and nearly 10 metres (33 ft) wide. Following the example of the Stone Bridge in Regensburg, it was built as a bow bridge with 16 arches shielded by ice guards. It is protected by three bridge towers, two on the Lesser Quarter side (including the Malá Strana Bridge Tower) and one on the Old Town side, the Old Town Bridge Tower. The bridge is decorated by a continuous alley of 30 statues and statuaries, most of them baroque-style, originally erected around 1700, but now all have been replaced by replicas.
Tower Bridge – London
Tower Bridge opened in 1894 on the east side of London after an eight-year project to construct a bridge across the Thames. It’s one bridge in two styles: suspension and bascule. The 213-foot-tall towers on either end of a 200-foot central lift span suspend the bridge to the shore on either side, while serving as the foundation for the bascule span that can raise and lower for ship traffic. The bridge crosses the River Thames close to the Tower of London and is one of five London bridges owned and maintained by the Bridge House Estates, a charitable trust founded in 1282. The bridge was constructed to give better access to the East End of London, which had expanded its commercial potential in the 19th century. The bridge was opened by Edward, Prince of Wales and Alexandra, Princess of Wales in 1894.
Sunniberg Bridge – Klosters-Semeus, Switzerland
The Sunniberg Bridge is a curved multi-span extradosed road bridge with low outward-flaring pylons above the roadway edges, designed by Christian Menn and completed 1998. It carries the Klosters bypass road 28 across the Landquart River near the village of Klosters in the canton of Grisons in eastern Switzerland. It is notable because of its innovative design and aesthetically pleasing appearance sensitive to its surroundings. The Klosters bypass highway crosses the Landquart River valley on a 526 m (1,726 ft) long curving road bridge (horizontal radius of curvature about 500m) at a height of between 50 and 60m above the valley floor. Four slender H-shape piers rise up from the valley floor (8.80m × 4.25m at the base), like the tall trees nearby. Proceeding upwards, the arms of the tall piers/pylons flare out to subtend and sustain the 12.4 m (41 ft) wide curved and banked deck, nestling the roadway in their arms.
Hangzhou Bay Bridge – Zheijang, China
Hangzhou Bay Bridge is a long 35.7 km (22.2 mi) highway bridge with two separate cable-stayed portions, built across the mouth of Hangzhou Bay in the eastern coastal region of China. It connects the municipalities of Jiaxing and Ningbo in Zhejiang province. Construction of the bridge was completed on June 14, 2007, and an opening ceremony was held on June 26, 2007. The bridge was opened to public May 1, 2008, after a considerable period of testing and evaluation. The bridge shortened the highway travel distance between Ningbo and Shanghai from 400 km (249 mi) to 180 km (112 mi) and reduced travel time from 4 to 2 hours. At 35.673 km (22 mi) in length, Hangzhou Bay Bridge was among the ten longest trans-oceanic bridges.
Vasco da Gama Bridge – Lisbon, Portugal
The Vasco da Gama Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge flanked by viaducts that spans the Tagus River in Parque das Nações in Lisbon, the capital of Portugal. It is the longest bridge in the European Union, and It is the second longest bridge in Europe after the Crimean Bridge, and the longest bridge entirely within Europe. It was built to alleviate the congestion on Lisbon’s 25 de Abril Bridge, and eliminate the need for traffic between the country’s northern and southern regions to pass through the capital city. Construction began in February 1995; the bridge was opened to traffic on 29 March 1998, just in time for Expo 98, the World’s Fair that celebrated the 500th anniversary of the discovery by Vasco da Gama of the sea route from Europe to India.
Seri Wawasan Bridge – Putrajaya, Malaysia
The Seri Wawasan Bridge is a longitudinally asymmetric cable‐stayed box-girder bridge with an inverted-Y shape concrete/steel pylon 96 metres (315 ft) high. The main span, 165 metres (541 ft) long, is supported by 30 pairs of forward stay cables, anchored on the 75° forward‐inclined pylon and on the outer edges of the bridge deck, arranged in a fan shape pattern from the side elevation. To counterbalance these front stays, a combination of 21 pairs of cable backstays and structural steel tie back was used. The bridge carries a dual three lane carriageways of 18.6 m width each, comprising 3 x 3.5 m width lanes, 0.5 m hard shoulder, 0.5 m marginal strip. The median is 4 m wide and walkway cum cycle track width is 5.1 m giving a total width of 37.2 metres (122 ft) at the centre of the bridge.
Juscelino Kubitschek Bridge – Brasilia, Brazil
Juscelino Kubitschek Bridge is named after President Juscelino Kubitschek, who served from 1956 to 1961, and is generally considered the main figure supporting the construction of the planned city of Brasília. It was designed by architect Alexandre Chan and structural engineer Mário Vila Verde. The bridge structure is 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) long, 24 metres (79 ft) wide and has two three-lane carriageways in each direction and walkways fitted with guard-rails on either for cyclists and pedestrians, each 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) wide, and three 240 metres (790 ft) spans. The main span structure has four supporting pillars standing on the Lake Paranoá lakebed; and the deck weight is supported by three 200-foot-tall (61 m) asymmetrical steel arches that crisscross diagonally.
Tilikum Crossing – Portland, Oregon
The first new crossing over Portland’s Willamette River since 1973, 1,700-foot Tilikum Crossing opened in September 2015. The structure is remarkable not only for the slender design, with 110.5-foot towers that flow down to the five spans, but also because the bridge also serves city buses and the Portland Streetcar, as well as bicycles, pedestrians, and emergency vehicles. Private cars and trucks are not permitted on the bridge. It is the first major bridge in the U.S. that was designed to allow access to transit vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians but not cars.
Thank you for taking the time to come and visit my blog and reading today’s post. I hope you all enjoy the rest of your week, and I will see you next Wednesday! 😃